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History of Taj Mahal

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The mausoleum of the Taj Mahal is very largely decorated with , mostly engraved in marble or , a technique of stone marquetry. But we can not miss the splendid inscriptions in Arabic seems it, inscriptions that run around the iwans (these porches broad traditional Persian architecture). There are also on the entrance gate of the gardens, and on the cenotaphs of  and his wife for whom was built the monument,But what do they mean?

Meaning of texts


The text is written in a language close to the ‘Thuluth’, a style associated in particular with the Persian calligrapher Amanat Khan who resided at the court and who was responsible for making the calligraphy of the entire Taj Mahal. His signature appears besides many times in the marble. Historian Wayne Begley suggests, relatively recently, that Amanat Khan was responsible not only for the practical design of the script, but also for the choice of texts. Most of the texts come from the Koran. There are twenty-two passages in all, including fourteen entire chapters, some of which are read as part of Islamic funeral ceremonies. The chosen texts generally refer to themes of the judgment and reward of the faithful, with their entries to Paradise. Moreover, the inscription on the entrance gate of the gardens of the Taj Mahal invites the reader to enter Paradise, the home of the faithful and the reward for the righteous. Its presence on the gateway to  is not trivial because gardens are a representation of Paradise according to Islam, especially that of the Taj Mahal, which was really designed as such.The main inscription that receives visitors, on the, before entering the gardens, is:O soul, you are at rest. Return to the Lord in peawith him, and he at peace with you

As we get closer to the mausoleum, the text changes its tone. While at the entrance it was an invitation to enter Paradise, the inscriptions on the outer walls of the tomb leave no doubt about the impending disaster awaiting the infidels, the day of judgment. It is a message of severity that is distilled, and it contrasts a lot with the sweetness of architecture, which is rather a than a warning. Inside the mausoleum the tone is more reassuring, with long descriptions of Paradise adorning certain walls. The main text, and finally the most important one, is on the upper cenotaph of. The words of the Qur’anic prayer, recited by angels, implore Allah to allow the faithful to enter Paradise, a touching request for God’s mercy to his devoted servant, Mumtaz Mahal.Recall that the Quran is divided into Sura, independent texts referring to the same set. There are 114, more or less long, each with a title and a number of verses. The verses used on the monuments of the Taj Mahal refer to the theme of the last judgment, they are derived from the following suras:
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